What are dentures and when is it recommended?
Dentures are artificial teeth that have the role of replacing lost natural teeth. They are made in specialized dental laboratories, customized according to the oral cavity of each patient, to be comfortable and to correspond functionally and visually with any existing teeth (in the case of partial dentures).
Types of dentures
According to the number of teeth that dentures replace can be:
- Partial dentures: replace one or more missing teeth;
- Total dentures: replace all missing teeth.
Partial dentures are used when there are still healthy natural teeth. Usually, these prosthetic works are fixed around the patient's natural teeth with the help of special systems that mimic the color of existing teeth.
Total denture is used when all natural teeth are missing. The artificial teeth are attached to a plate called the base of the prosthesis, which is then attached to the gum.
In terms of stability, dentures can be:
- Fixed and implant dentures have become increasingly popular in recent years, being made of durable materials, comfortable to wear. One of the advantages of this type of prosthetic work is that they are much lighter and less bulky than mobile ones.
- Mobilizable dentures are of 2 types:
- acrylic dentures that can be classified as partial (when there are still teeth remaining on the patient's arch) or total (when they replace all lost teeth). The total acrylic prosthesis replaces all the lost teeth, both on the upper jaw and on the lower jaw, it is a mobile prosthetic work meant to offer the patient increased comfort when chewing and speaking, but also to restore the aesthetics and functionality of the smile. .
- skeletal partial dentures are extremely precise and demanding works. They have a metal frame made of light and durable alloys, which allows the work to be discreet and comfortable.
Artificial teeth can be made of either acrylate or ceramic (the more expensive version); they are anchored in an acrylic base the color of the gum and are attached to the remaining teeth with the help of special anchoring systems (staples, backstage, etc.).
- Removable dentures, one of the advantages of this type of prosthesis is the fact that it can be removed as many times as needed, offering the possibility of maintaining good hygiene, both under the prosthesis and at the neck of implants, where bacterial plaque tends to accumulate. , respectively tartar.