What are dental deposits and how do they appear? Solutions from the dentist
Bacterial plaque is a soft deposit on the surfaces of the teeth that accumulates due to the remaining food residues, if oral hygiene is not properly observed every day. As a result, poor hygiene combined with poor nutrition (sweets, carbonated liquids) and harmful habits lead to plaque turning into hard deposits of tartar.
What dental diseases can cause plaque
Among the most common conditions caused by dental deposits are periodontal disease. These initially appear in the form of gingivitis, represented by an inflammation located in the gums (change in shape, volume and color), evolving deeper in the alveolar bone with the appearance of periodontitis.
Tooth decay can lead to a more rapid evolution of cavities. These are often formed in the interdental areas, areas that are more difficult to access than normal hygiene and in the dental package below the present deposits.
Professional dental hygiene
"The professional dental hygiene procedure, performed in a dental office, is recommended for every patient because the dental brushing performed at home is not enough to prevent the occurrence of diseases of the oral cavity.
For a complete cleaning, dentists use specialized instruments: ultrasound device, toothbrush and special brush for brushing and air flow (where a substance based on baking soda is used which has the role of ensuring an intense cleaning of the hard to reach areas of teeth), specific instruments, therapeutic manipulations sometimes surgical (bleeding) to detect and remove subgingival tartar.
Sanitation is recommended to be performed twice a year, and in patients with dental implants, fixed work, periodontal disease it is recommended to be performed once every four months, and for smoking patients - once every three months.
Descaling is a prophylactic dental procedure that removes tartar and dental plaque formed on the supragingival surface (enamel) and subgingival surface (cement) of the teeth. Supragingival dental tartar is also the most common; it is colorless at first, then acquires a brownish hue and gives an unsightly appearance to the teeth, while producing halene (bad breath), a product of the vital activity of microbial colonies that find favorable living conditions on this tartar. The microflora developed at this level is the cause of many diseases of the oral cavity (caries, pulpitis, periodontitis, osteomyelitis, gingivitis, periodontitis, stomatitis, sialoadinite, lymphadenitis, phlegmon abscesses, but also distant inflammatory diseases), which can be extremely complicated with long-term hospitalization, extremely complicated surgeries, sometimes with a tragic ending. In order to prevent the unwanted consequences, the medical community recommends to the patients the simplest and most basic procedures of prophylaxis, among which the regular visit to the dentist, descaling and healing of the foci of infection ", explained the oro-maxillo-facial surgeon Dumitru Sîrbu.
"Subgingival tartar is harder and darker in color, and over time increases its volume and detaches the gum from the tooth, producing an environment conducive to the growth of bacteria and ultimately leads to tooth loss.
After descaling, it is normal for patients to feel a slight tenderness in their teeth and gums or bleeding, and these effects will disappear shortly after surgery.
Professional dental brushing is performed after ultrasonic descaling and aims to polish and smooth the dental surfaces, thus creating unfavorable conditions for the attachment of dental deposits and the multiplication of microbial flora ", explained the dentist, Viorica Sîrbu.
"In children with tooth eruption, parents are responsible for their care and cleaning, as well as performing a consultation visit to the dentist to prevent disease and perform a professional brushing if necessary.
At the "Omni Dent" Dental Clinic we approach an interactive collaboration with the little ones, we offer them small attention specific to their age, which creates a relaxing, trusting atmosphere, motivates them to get rid of fear, thus forming lasting friends, "he said. Cătălina Ciuclea, orthodontist.
In the case of pregnant women, we want to fight the myth that "every pregnancy results in a lost tooth", a situation that happens due to the peculiarities of the evolution of oral diseases in pregnant women, but also some contraindications to investigation and treatment specific to pregnancy. We recommend prophylactic visits to women from the beginning of pregnancy, with professional hygiene in the second trimester of pregnancy, to prevent and treat conditions such as pregnancy gingivitis, periodontitis or caries that have a faster evolution during this period, "he said. Maria Scurtu, resident dentist.
It is very important to take care of the health of your teeth every day!
It is easier to prevent than to treat dental problems!
Author: Dorina ARSENE